Journal of Inorganic Materials ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 279-293.DOI: 10.15541/jim20180465

Special Issue: 庆祝上海硅酸盐所独立建所60周年虚拟专刊! 热电材料与器件 优秀作者论文集锦 优秀作者作品欣赏:能源材料

• Review • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Technologies and Applications of Thermoelectric Devices: Current Status, Challenges and Prospects

ZHANG Qi-Hao, BAI Sheng-Qiang, CHEN Li-Dong   

  1. State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China;
  • Received:2018-10-08 Revised:2018-10-29 Published:2019-03-20 Online:2018-11-01
  • Supported by:
    The National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFB0703600);National Natural Science Foundation of China (51632010, 51572282)


Thermoelectric (TE) power generation technology is highly expected for various applications such as special power supply, green energy, energy harvesting from the environment and harvesting of industrial waste heat. Over the past years, the record of zT values of TE materials has been continuously updated, which would bode well for widespread practical applications of TE technology. However, the TE device as the core technology for the TE application lags behind the development of TE materials. Especially, the large-scale application of TE power generation technology is facing bottlenecks and new challenges. This reviewpresents an overview of the recent progress on TE device design and integration with particular attentions on device optimization design, electrode fabrication, interface engineering, and service behavior. The future challenges and development strategies for large-scale application ofthermoelectric power generation are also discussed.

Key words: thermoelectric power generation devices, design and integration, interface engineering, service behavior, failure mechanism, review

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