无机材料学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 469-477.DOI: 10.15541/jim20180393

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

石墨烯增强铜基复合材料的研究进展

林正得1,2,舒圣程1,2,李傲1,2,吴明亮1,杨明阳1,2,韩钰3,祝志祥3,陈保安3,丁一3,张强3,王强4,戴丹1()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 宁波材料技术与工程研究所 表面工程事业部, 宁波 315201
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3. 全球能源互联网研究院有限公司 先进输电技术国家重点实验室, 北京 102209
    4. 国网山西省电力公司, 太原 030001
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-03 修回日期:2018-11-22 出版日期:2019-05-20 发布日期:2019-05-14
  • 作者简介:林正得(1976-), 男, 研究员. E-mail:linzhengde@nimte.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家电网公司科技项目(SGRIDGKJ[2016]795)

Preparation and Mechanical Property of Graphene-reinforced Copper Matrix Composites

Zheng-De LIN1,2,Sheng-Cheng SHU1,2,Ao LI1,2,Ming-Liang WU1,Ming-Yang YANG1,2,Yu HAN3,Zhi-Xiang ZHU3,Bao-An CHEN3,Yi DING3,Qiang ZHANG3,Qiang WANG4,Dan DAI1()   

  1. 1. Division of Surface Engineering and Remanufacturing, Ningbo Institute of Industrial Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo 315201, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Transmission Technology, Global Energy Interconnection Research Institute Co., Ltd., Beijing 102209, China
    4. State Grid Shanxi Electric Power Company, Taiyuan 030001, China
  • Received:2018-09-03 Revised:2018-11-22 Online:2019-05-20 Published:2019-05-14
  • Supported by:
    Science and Technology Project of State Grid Corporation(SGRIDGKJ[2016]795)

摘要:

石墨烯具有超高的比表面积和优异的力学性能, 是铜基复合材料理想的增强体。传统的粉末冶金工艺很难解决石墨烯在铜基体中的分散问题, 以及石墨烯与铜基体结合性差的难题。随着近些年研究者对石墨烯-铜界面问题深入的探索, 一些新的制备工艺不断出现。本文系统地介绍和对比了近几年石墨烯增强铜基复合材料的制备工艺, 概述了关于石墨烯/铜复合材料力学性能的研究进展, 总结了石墨烯增强铜基复合材料力学性能的机理, 并对未来石墨烯增强铜基复合材料的研究重点进行了展望。

关键词: 石墨烯, 铜基复合材料, 力学性能, 增强机理, 综述

Abstract:

Graphene, which has two-dimensional carbon single atomic layer, attracts great attention due to its superb mechanical, electrical and thermal properties. In addition to its excellent mechanical properties, a large surface area (about 2600 m 2?g -1) makes it an ideal reinforcement for copper-based composites. However, graphene owns a low density (2.2 g?cm -3), while the density of copper is about 8.9 g?cm -3. The traditional powder metallurgy process is difficult to solve the problem of uniform dispersion of graphene in the copper matrix and the poor bonding strength between graphene and copper due to the huge density difference between copper and graphene. With the in-depth exploration in the issue of graphene/copper interface in recent years, some novel preparation processes and strengthening mechanisms were proposed and demonstrated. This review systematically introduces and compares the recently-developed preparation processes of graphene-reinforced copper composites, also summarizes the mechanism of mechanical enhancement in graphene-reinforced copper matrix composites.

Key words: graphene, copper matrix composites, mechanical property, strengthening mechanism, review

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