无机材料学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (3): 247-259.DOI: 10.15541/jim20180335

所属专题: 热电材料与器件

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

热电材料高通量实验制备与表征方法

骆军1,2, 何世洋1, 李志立1, 李永博1, 王风1, 张继业1   

  1. 1. 上海大学 材料科学与工程学院, 上海 200444;
    2. 上海大学 材料基因组工程研究院, 上海 200444
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-19 修回日期:2018-10-12 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-02-26
  • 作者简介:骆 军(1976-),教授. E-mail: junluo@shu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2018YFB0703600);国家自然科学基金(51772186, 51632005);上海市科委项目(上海材料基因组工程研究院, 16DZ2260601)

Progress on High-throughput Synthesis and Characterization Methods for Thermoelectric Materials

LUO Jun1,2, HE Shi-Yang1, LI Zhi-Li1, LI Yong-Bo1, WANG Feng1, ZHANG Ji-Ye1   

  1. 1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China;
    2. Materials Genome Institute, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China;
  • Received:2018-07-19 Revised:2018-10-12 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-02-26
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFB0703600);National Natural Science Foundation of China (51772186, 51632005);Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality(16DZ2260601)

摘要:

高通量材料实验旨在利用较少的实验次数快速获得成分-物相-结构-性能之间关系, 筛选出组分最优的材料体系, 目前已在超导材料、荧光材料以及巨磁阻材料等方面有较多应用。热电材料是可以实现热能和电能直接相互转换的功能材料, 在温差发电和废热利用等领域有着重要的应用价值, 但热电材料的传统实验制备与表征方法存在着实验周期长和效率低等问题。因此, 将高通量实验的方法和理念引入新型热电材料的研发和优化具有重要的理论和实际意义。本文主要总结和梳理了现有在热电材料实验研究中具有较好应用前景的高通量实验制备与表征技术, 包括高通量样品制备、成分-结构高通量表征、电-热输运性能高通量表征等, 并分析了各高通量实验技术在实验热电材料研究中的优势和局限性, 希望为今后热电材料高通量实验优化和筛选提供一定的参考。

 

关键词: 高通量实验, 热电材料, 电输运性能, 热导率, 综述

Abstract:

High-throughput experiments aimed to promptly obtain the relationship among composition-phase-structure-performance with fewer experiments and screen out optimal material systems with optimized compositions. Up to now, high-throughput experiments are successfully applied in superconducting materials, fluorescent materials and giant magnetoresistance materials. Thermoelectric materials are functional materials that can realize the direct conversion between thermal energy and electrical energy and can be potentially applied in the fields of thermoelectric power generation and waste heat utilization. However, traditional preparation and characterization methods for thermoelectric materials have disadvantages of time consuming and low efficiency. Therefore, it is of great theoretical and practical significance to introduce methods and concepts of high-throughput experiments into development and optimization of new thermoelectric materials. In this paper, we summarize and discuss the existing high-throughput experimental preparation and characterization techniques with great application prospects in thermoelectric materials, including high-throughput sample preparation, composition-structure, and electro-thermal transport properties characterization, and then analyze the advantages and limitations of these high-throughput techniques. We hope to provide a reference for future high-throughput optimization and screening of thermoelectric materials.

Key words: high-throughput experiement, thermoelectric materials, electrical transport properties, thermal conductivity, review

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