Journal of Inorganic Materials ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 697-709.DOI: 10.15541/jim20220128

Special Issue: 【信息功能】Max层状材料、MXene及其他二维材料

• REVIEW •     Next Articles

Two-dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction Reaction

SUN Lian(), GU Quanchao, YANG Yaping, WANG Honglei, YU Jinshan, ZHOU Xingui()   

  1. Science and Technology on Advanced Ceramic Fibers and Composites Laboratory, College of Aerospace Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
  • Received:2022-03-08 Revised:2022-04-12 Published:2022-07-20 Online:2022-04-26
  • Contact: ZHOU Xingui, professor. E-mail:
  • About author:SUN Lian (1993-), male, PhD candidate. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Plan(2018YFB1900603)


Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is the key reaction in cathode for fuel cells. Because of the sluggish kinetics, platinum (Pt) is widely used as the electrocatalysts for ORR. However, the high cost of Pt and poor stability of carbon black support under high voltage limit the commercialization and durability of fuel cells. Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (2D TMDs) possess large specific area, tunable electronic structure, and high chemical stability, making them a good candidate for ORR catalysts with high activity and durability. This paper reviews the recent progress of 2D TMDs-based ORR electrocatalysts. First, crystal structure, electronic properties, and ORR reaction mechanism are briefly introduced. Then some strategies for adjusting ORR performance of 2D TMDs are summarized, including heteroatom doping, phase conversion, defect engineering, and strain engineering. Meanwhile, the ORR activity enhancement arising from 2D TMDs-based heterostructures is also analyzed. Finally, perspectives are given for current issues and their possible solutions.

Key words: oxygen reduction reaction, two-dimensional material, transition metal dichalcogenide, electrocatalysis, review

CLC Number: