Journal of Inorganic Materials ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 561-570.DOI: 10.15541/jim20160479

Special Issue: MAX相和MXene材料

• Orginal Article •     Next Articles

Research Progress of Novel Two-dimensional Material MXene

ZHANG Jian-Feng, CAO Hui-Yang, WANG Hong-Bing   

  1. (College of Mechanics and Materials, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China)
  • Received:2016-08-29 Revised:2016-10-08 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-05-27
  • Supported by:
    Jiangsu Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (BK20161506);Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities(2013B34414, 2015B01914, 2016B45614);The Open Found From State Key Lab of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure(SKL201401SIC)


MXene is a new family of two-dimensional transition metal carbides or carbonitrides with graphene-like 2D morphology. The chemical formula of MXene is Mn+1XnTz, where M is an early transition metal, X is C and/or N, T stands for surface-terminating functional groups like F-, OH-, O2-, etc., and n = 1, 2, or 3. It can be achieved by selective etching of the A element from the MAX phases, and HF is an etchant mostly used. First-principles calculations about MXene have been performed to reveal the structure and properties. MXene has also been found to have a unique two-dimensional layered structure, large specific surface area and good electrical conductivity, stability, magnetic and mechanical properties, and thus it is promising in many fields, including energy storage, catalysis and adsorption. This article reviews the quite recent progress of MXene based on theoretical and experimental considerations, especially its structure, synthesis, and applications. Finally, the suggestions about existing challenges and future developments are proposed. MXene is expected to be used for more various applications with further extensive research.

Key words: MXene, chemical liquid phase etching method, the first-principles calculation, application

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