无机材料学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 29-34.DOI: 10.15541/jim20190400

所属专题: MAX相和MXene材料 陶瓷基复合材料

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

多功能一体化MAX相改性连续纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料的研究进展

党潇琳,范晓孟(),殷小玮(),马昱昭,马晓康   

  1. 西北工业大学 超高温结构复合材料重点实验室, 西安 710072
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-08 修回日期:2019-09-26 出版日期:2020-01-20 发布日期:2019-10-25
  • 作者简介:党潇琳(1996-), 女, 博士研究生. E-mail:dangxl@mail.nwpu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家杰出青年科学基金(51725205);国家自然科学基金(51702261);国家自然科学基金(51821091);陕西省自然科学基金(2019JQ-634)

Research Progress on Multi-functional Integration MAX Phases Modified Continuous Fiber-reinforced Ceramic Matrix Composites

DANG Xiao-Lin,FAN Xiao-Meng(),YIN Xiao-Wei(),MA Yu-Zhao,MA Xiao-Kang   

  1. Science and Technology on Thermostructural Composite Materials Laboratory, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
  • Received:2019-08-08 Revised:2019-09-26 Online:2020-01-20 Published:2019-10-25
  • About author:DANG Xiao-Lin (1996-), female, PhD candidate. E-mail:dangxl@mail.nwpu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of China(51725205);National Natural Science Foundation of China(51702261);National Natural Science Foundation of China(51821091);Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China(2019JQ-634)

摘要:

连续纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料(Ceramic Matrix Composites, CMCs)因其优异的性能在航空发动机、空天飞行器热防护系统、核能电站等领域具有广泛的应用前景。现阶段, CMCs的应用已由单一结构承载向多功能一体化发展。MAX相是一类能够发生塑性变形的三元层状陶瓷, 具有高导电、抗辐照和抗烧蚀等优异性能, 将其引入CMCs可实现强韧化与抗辐照/抗烧蚀/电磁屏蔽效能的协同提高, 满足多功能一体化CMCs的应用需求。本文综述了MAX相作为CMCs界面相和基体相的研究进展, 阐述了其设计机理, 并展望了MAX相在CMCs中的应用前景。

关键词: MAX相, 连续纤维增韧陶瓷基复合材料, 多功能一体化, 综述

Abstract:

Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are promising candidates for application in aeroengine, aerospace aircraft thermal protection systems, nuclear power system, and other fields. At present, CMCs are developing from structural bearing materials to multi-functional composites. MAX phases are a group of layered ternary ceramics with excellent plastic deformation capacity, high electrical conductivity, good irradiation resistance and ablation resistance. Besides strengthening and toughening CMCs, the introducing MAX phases into CMCs can effectively improve the anti-irradiation, anti-ablation and electromagnetic interference shielding performance, meeting requirements of multi-functional CMCs. This paper reviewed the progress on MAX phases modified CMCs, design mechanism and application prospect.

Key words: MAX phases, ceramic matrix composites, multi-functional integration, review

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