Journal of Inorganic Materials ›› 2023, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 113-124.DOI: 10.15541/jim20220400

• REVIEW •     Next Articles

Electric-field Assisted Joining Technology for the Ceramics Materials: Current Status and Development Trend

LIU Yan1(), ZHANG Keying1,2, LI Tianyu1,2, ZHOU Bo1,2, LIU Xuejian1, HUANG Zhengren1   

  1. 1. Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China
    2. Center of Materials Science and Optoelectronics Engineering, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2022-07-09 Revised:2022-09-20 Published:2023-02-20 Online:2022-09-22
  • About author:LIU Yan (1975-), male, PhD, professor. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(51972320)


Ceramic materials are widely used in aerospace, medicine and energy transportation concerned for their excellent over-all mechanical and chemical properties, such as corrosion resistance, high temperature resistance and oxidation resistance. Especially, joining ceramic materials themselves and connecting them with metals are of great significance for the practical engineering applications. Compared with traditional joining technology, electric-assisted joining technology possesses a variety of advantages, such as low temperature and short time, owing to the special influence of the electric field on some ceramic materials. This paper focuses on the development of the electric-field assisted joining technologies of ceramics and ceramic matrix composites, and summarizes their research status in recent years. From the views of joining mechanism, typical interface microstructure and joint strength and influencing factors, the electric-field assisted diffusion bonding (FDB), spark plasma sintering (SPS) joining, and the new low-temperature rapid flash joining (FJ) are reviewed. Moreover, the applicable scope and limitations of different electric-field assisted joining technologies are expounded. In addition, the development trend of the electric-field assisted joining technology of ceramic materials is prospected.

Key words: ceramics, electric field, electric field-assisted diffusion bonding, SPS joining, flash joining, review

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