无机材料学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 1-8.DOI: 10.15541/jim20200215

• 综述 •    下一篇

水解制氢材料研究进展

邓霁峰1,2,陈顺鹏1,武晓娟1,郑捷1,李星国1()   

  1. 北京大学 1. 化学与分子工程学院
    2. 前沿交叉学科研究院, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-22 修回日期:2020-07-10 出版日期:2021-01-20 发布日期:2020-08-01
  • 作者简介:邓霁峰(1995-), 男, 博士研究生. E-mail:jfdeng@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    科技部十三五专项(2018YFB1502102);国家自然科学基金面上项目(51971004);国家自然科学基金面上项目(51771002)

Recent Progress on Materials for Hydrogen Generation via Hydrolysis

DENG Jifeng1,2,CHEN Shunpeng1,WU Xiaojuan1,ZHENG Jie1,LI Xingguo1()   

  1. 1. College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Academy of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2020-04-22 Revised:2020-07-10 Online:2021-01-20 Published:2020-08-01
  • About author:DENG Jifeng(1995-), male, PhD candidate. E-mail:jfdeng@pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Ministry of Science and Technology(2018YFB1502102);National Natural Science Foundation of China(51971004);National Natural Science Foundation of China(51771002)

摘要:

水解制氢是一种常温常压下的现场制氢方式。由于水解制氢材料氢含量高, 储存容易, 运输方便, 安全可靠, 一直受到研究者们的关注。本文综述了近年来水解制氢材料的总体发展情况, 介绍了三类主要的水解制氢材料, 包括硼氢化物(NaBH4, NH3·BH3)、金属(Mg, Al)以及金属氢化物(MgH2), 对不同材料的制氢原理、主要问题、催化剂与材料设计进行了详细介绍, 比较了不同体系的特点与制氢成本, 并对水解制氢及水解制氢材料的现状和商业化面临的困难做了评价, 最后对未来的发展方向进行了展望。

关键词: 制氢, 水解, 金属, 金属氢化物, 硼氢化物, 制氢成本

Abstract:

Hydrolysis is a unique method for hydrogen generation at ambient condition. Widespread attentions have been paid to materials for hydrogen generation via hydrolysis due to several advantages: high theoretical hydrogen capacity, moderate storage and operation condition, safety, etc. In this paper, recent progress and development in this area were reviewed. Three types of materials including borohydride (NaBH4, NH3·BH3), metal (Mg, Al), and metal hydride (MgH2) were introduced. Several issues about them were discussed specifically: mechanism, main problems, designments of catalysts and materials, etc. Based on these discussions, we compared the different materials mentioned above, commented their current performances and practical difficulties. At last, prospects in this field were presented.

Key words: hydrogen generation, hydrolysis, metal, metal hydride, borohydride, cost of hydrogen

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