无机材料学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (7): 769-780.DOI: 10.15541/jim20190433

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

导电金属有机骨架材料在超级电容器中的应用

李泽晖1,谭美娟2,郑元昊3,骆雨阳3,经求是3,蒋靖坤1,李明杰4()   

  1. 1. 清华大学 环境学院, 环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室, 北京 100084
    2. 南京信息工程大学 环境科学与工程学院, 南京 210044
    3. 清华大学 材料学院, 北京 100084
    4. 中国科学院 青岛生物能源与过程研究所, 中科院生物基材料重点实验室, 青岛 266101
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-16 修回日期:2019-09-29 出版日期:2020-07-20 发布日期:2019-10-23
  • 作者简介:李泽晖(1991-), 男, 博士研究生. E-mail: lzh17@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
    LI Zehui(1991-), male, PhD candidate. E-mail: lzh17@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年基金(51608509)

Application of Conductive Metal Organic Frameworks in Supercapacitors

LI Zehui1,TAN Meijuan2,ZHENG Yuanhao3,LUO Yuyang3,JING Qiushi3,JIANG Jingkun1,LI Mingjie4()   

  1. 1. State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    2. Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
    3. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    4. CAS Key Laboratory of Bio-based Materials, Qingdao Institute of Biomass Energy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China
  • Received:2019-08-16 Revised:2019-09-29 Online:2020-07-20 Published:2019-10-23
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(51608509)

摘要:

随着电子技术的持续发展, 对供电设备的要求也相应提高。超级电容器(SCs)具有较高的能量密度和优异的功率输出性能, 是新一代小型化、智能化、可穿戴电子设备的理想供电装置。开发能够快速充放电、性能稳定的SCs产品是储能领域的研究重点。电极材料作为SCs最重要的组成部分, 是进一步提升其性能的关键。导电金属有机骨架(MOFs)作为新型SCs电极材料, 具有规整的孔道结构、大比表面积、多种形貌及维度、可调控的导电性能等优异性质, 展现出巨大的潜力并引起了广泛关注。本文结合SCs的储能机理, 介绍了导电MOFs的结构、制备及导电机制, 进一步阐述了其作为SCs电极材料的设计策略, 重点综述了其在SCs领域的研究进展, 并展望了其应用前景与发展方向。

关键词: MOFs, 导电性, 超级电容器, 储能, 电极材料, 综述

Abstract:

With continuous development of electronics, the requirements for power supply systems are increasing. Supercapacitors (SCs), which have high energy density and excellent power output performance, are ideal power supplies for new generation of miniaturized, intelligent and wearable electronic devices. Thus, developing SCs with fast charge-discharge speed and high stability is a key research topic in the field of energy storage. As the most important part of SCs, electrode materials are critical to its performance. Due to the excellent performances of high-ordered pore structure, large specific surface area, diverse morphologies and dimensions, and adjustable conductivity, conductive metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) materials have shown great potential as promising SCs electrode materials, and have attracted wide attention. This review introduces the structure, conductive mechanism and preparation methods of conductive MOFs following a short introduction of SCs, describes its design strategy as SCs electrode materials, reviews the research progress of conductive MOFs in the field of SCs, and prospects its future application.

Key words: MOFs, conductivity, supercapacitor, energy storage, electrode material, review

中图分类号: