Journal of Inorganic Materials ›› 2022, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1087-1092.DOI: 10.15541/jim20220086

• RESEARCH ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Li2O Sintering Aid on Sintering Characteristics and Electrical Conductivity of LSGM Electrolyte for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

FAN Shuai1(), JIN Tian1, ZHANG Shanlin2, LUO Xiaotao1, LI Chengxin1, LI Changjiu1()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Mechanical Behavior for Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
    2. School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai 519082, China
  • Received:2022-02-23 Revised:2022-04-08 Published:2022-10-20 Online:2022-04-26
  • Contact: LI Changjiu, professor. E-mail:
  • About author:FAN Shuai (1996-), male, Master candidate. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China(2017YFE0105900)


This work investigated the influence of Li2O as a sintering aid on the sintering behavior of La0.8Sr0.2Ga0.8Mg0.2O3-δ (LSGM) electrolytes in solid oxide fuel cells, which systematically presented the effects of sintering aid content and sintering temperature on the density, microstructure, phase composition, and the ionic conductivity of sintered LSGM bulk. The results show that addition of Li2O sintering aid not only reduces the sintering temperature, but also eliminates the LaSrGa3O7 impurity phase in the sintered LSGM and suppresses the formation of MgO impurity phase which is easily generated during the conventional sintering process. Moreover, the addition of Li2O increases the ionic conductivity of sintered LSGM electrolytes. When 1% (molar percentage) Li2O is added, the LSGM bulk sintered at 1400 ℃ for 4 h reaches 99% of the theoretical density and presents a single perovskite stracture. When tested at 800 ℃, the ionic conductivity of the sintered bulk reaches 0.17 S/cm, which is 20% higher than that of the sample without sintering aid. All results demonstrate that adding an appropriate amount of Li2O as sintering aid is of great significance for the application of high ionic conductivity electrolyte in intermediate- temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs).

Key words: solid oxide fuel cell, LSGM electrolyte, sintering aid, sintering characteristics, ionic conductivity

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