无机材料学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (1): 49-59.DOI: 10.15541/jim20180243

所属专题: MAX相和MXene材料 光伏材料

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

铜纳米线的合成、优化及其透明电极的应用

王晓, 王冉冉, 施良晶, 孙静   

  1. 中国科学院 上海硅酸盐研究所, 上海 200050
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-25 修回日期:2018-07-24 出版日期:2019-01-21 发布日期:2018-12-17
  • 作者简介:王晓(1990-),女,助理研究员. E-mail: wangxiao@mail.sic.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    上海科技启明星计划;中国科学院青年创新促进会项目(2014226);上海市重点基础研究计划(16JC1402300);国家重点研发计划(2016YFA0203000);高性能陶瓷和超微结构国家重点实验室基金;Shanghai Science and Technology Star Project;Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (2014226);Shanghai Key Basic Research Project (16JC1402300);Major State Research Development Program of China (2016YFA0203000);The State Key Lab of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure Director Fund

Synthesis, Optimization of Cu Nanowires and Application of Its Transparent Electrodes

WANG Xiao, WANG Ran-Ran, SHI Liang-Jing, SUN Jing   

  1. Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China
  • Received:2018-05-25 Revised:2018-07-24 Online:2019-01-21 Published:2018-12-17
  • About author:WANG Xiao. E-mail: wangxiao@mail.sic.ac.cn

摘要:

随着光伏产业、平板显示技术的发展, 市场对于透明导电材料的需求量迅速增加。传统的透明导电材料氧化铟锡(ITO)面临着资源不足、脆性大的问题, 无法满足市场需求。铜纳米线透明电极导电性好、成本低、柔性好, 是一种有潜力的新一代透明导电材料。近年来, 铜纳米线的合成及其在透明导电领域的应用引起了研究人员的关注, 并取得显著的进展。本文从铜纳米线的合成方法、合成机理, 铜纳米线透明电极的制备方法及后处理手段, 铜纳米线透明电极在光伏器件、电加热元件、柔性可穿戴器件中的应用等方面的研究进展进行了阐述。并对铜纳米线研究及应用前景进行了展望。

 

关键词: 铜纳米线, 透明电极, 可控合成, 后处理, 光伏器件, 电加热元件, 柔性可穿戴, 综述

Abstract:

As the continuous development of the photovoltaic industry and the flat panel display devices, the demand for transparent electrodes is increasing rapidly. The most commonly used transparent conductive material, ITO, was criticized for its brittleness, which limited its application in the up-and-coming market. Cu nanowire transparent electrodes acts as promising candidate for the new generation of transparent electrodes due to their superior conductivity, low cost, easy accessibility and high flexibility. The synthesis of Cu nanowires and their application in transparent electrodes has drawn lots of attention. Progresses have been made in recent years. A comprehensive elaboration of the controllable synthesis of Cu nanowires through liquid synthesis methods and the mechanism behind them, the fabrication and post-treatment methods of Cu nanowire electrodes, the application of Cu nanowire electrodes in photovoltaic devices, transparent heaters and flexible devices are given. The trends of Cu nanowire electrodes is proposed.

Key words: Cu nanowires, transparent electrodes, controllable synthesis, post-treatment, photovoltaic devices, heaters, flexible and wearable devices, review

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