Journal of Inorganic Materials ›› 2016, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (10): 1147-1150.DOI: 10.15541/jim20160061

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Synthesis, Growth and Scintillation Properties of Large Size Bi4Si3O12 Crystals

XU Jia-Yue1, WANG Jie1, CHEN Wei1, XIAO Xue-Feng1, 2, YANG Bo-Bo1, WANG Zhan-Yong1, LI Fei3, XIE Hui-Dong3   

  1. (1. Institute of Crystal Growth, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai 201418, China; 2. Department of Fundamental Science, Beifang University of Nationalities, Yinchuan 750021, China; 3. School of Science, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China)
  • Received:2016-01-27 Online:2016-10-20 Published:2016-09-23
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (51342007, 51572175)


Using stoichiometric Si(OC2H5)4 and Bi(NO3)3·5H2O as precursors and citric acid as solvent, polycrystalline Bi4Si3O12 (BSO) powders were synthesized by Sol-Gel method and sintered at high temperature. Batch production of 250 g powders was realized. Using as-synthesized BSO powders and <001>-oriented BSO seeds, BSO crystals were grown in the vertical Bridgman furnace. The crystallization behavior was discussed and high quality BSO crystal up to 30 mm × 30 mm × 210 mm was obtained. The scintillation characteristics of BSO single crystals were investigated. The energy resolution of the BSO crystal was 18.9% and the relative light yield of the crystal was 7.2% compared with CsI(Tl) at the same conditions.

Key words: Sol-Gel method, Bi4Si3O12 crystal, vertical Bridgman method, crystal growth, scintillation property

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