Journal of Inorganic Materials ›› 2023, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 671-677.DOI: 10.15541/jim20220610

• RESEARCH ARTICLE • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Fused Silica Glass: Laser-induced Damage on Bending Strength Weakening and Safety Design

JIN Sai1(), LIU Xiaogen2(), QI Shuang2, ZHAO Runchang1, LI Zhijun1   

  1. 1. Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Green Building Materials, China Building Materials Academy, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2022-10-17 Revised:2022-11-18 Published:2022-12-27 Online:2022-12-27
  • Contact: LIU Xiaogen, professor. E-mail:
  • About author:JIN Sai (1990-), male, Engineer. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(52072356);National Natural Science Foundation of China(52032011)


Laser-induced damage is the fundamental cause of sudden rupture of fused silica vacuum optical elements. To investigate this damage on bending strength weakening to find safety design method, standard samples were made with fused silica vacuum optical elements in the final optics assembly of the SG-III prototype laser facility. The surface damage morphological characteristics of fused silica glass samples were statistically analyzed, and the influence of laser-induced damage on bending strength of fused silica glass samples was investigated. The results show that the damage morphology of laser-induced fused silica glass is typically semi-ellipsoid, the depth of the damage point increases with its length which is no more than 2 mm; The damage point has obvious influence on the bending strength of fused silica glass, whose average bending strength with damage point is only 0.41 times that of the samples without damage point. With increase of the length and depth of the damage point, the bending strength of the samples generally decrease. But when the length of the damage point exceeding 15 mm, its bending strength downward trend is significantly moderated, the ratio of length to depth of the damage point has no obvious effect on the bending strength. These data suggest that designing safe optical elements of fused silica glass vacuum window should comprehensively take into account dispersion of glass bending strength, persistent effect of the stress, and the maximum bending tensile stress distributed near the damage point should not exceed the design value of bending strength.

Key words: vacuum window optical element, fused silica glass, laser-induced damage, bending strength, safety design

CLC Number: