Journal of Inorganic Materials ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (7): 739-743.DOI: 10.15541/jim20160618

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Crystallization Behavior of Hybrid Mullite Fiber Precursors

MA Xi-Fei, LIN Gen-Lian, KANG Zhuang, HUANG Xiao   

  1. (Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China)
  • Received:2016-11-08 Revised:2016-12-21 Published:2017-07-20 Online:2017-06-23
  • About author:MA Xi-Fei. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(51302289);National Science Foundation of Shanghai(13ZR1445800)


Glass free fine-grained microstructure is ideal for preparing mullite fibers with good high temperature mechanical properties. Single phase/diphasic mullite hybrid precursor was adopted to adjust crystalline microstructure of mullite fibers without adding any glass formers. The single phase precursor crystallized in situ to form mullite at 980℃ acting as seed crystals for diphasic components in hybrid precursors to induce the formation of mullite crystals at low temperatures. A series of spinnable hybrid mullite precursors were prepared by mixing single phase and diphasic mullite precursors, and their high temperature crystallization behaviors were investigated by XRD, DSC and SEM, with which optimum formulation of hybrid precursor was determined. The results reveal that hybrid precursor containing 70wt% single phase component has ideal crystalline properties and densification characteristics, with fine grain, uniform, and dense structure. Compared with the pure diphasic mullite precursor, the introduction of 70wt% single phase precursor resulted in an increase in apparent nucleation from 8×1012/cm3 to 1×1015/cm3, and a reduction in grain size from 360 nm to 120 nm after heat-treatment at 1400℃ for 20 h.

Key words: mullite fiber, hybrid mullite precursor, crystallization behavior

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