Journal of Inorganic Materials

• Research Paper • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Electrochromic NiO Thin Films Prepared by Sol-Gel Method

WANG Lian-Chao1,2,3; MENG Fan-Li2; SUN Yu-Feng2; HUANG Xing-Jiu2; LIU Jin-Huai2   

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry; University of Science and Technology of China; Hefei 230026; China; 2.Institute of Intelligent Machines; Chinese Academy of Sciences; Hefei 230031, China; 3. Hefei University of Technology; Hefei 230009; China
  • Received:2003-10-28 Revised:2003-12-15 Published:2004-11-20 Online:2004-11-20
  • Contact:

Abstract: A precursor solution was prepared by dissolving nickel chloride salt and citric acid in butanol and ethanol. The solution was refluxed under continuous stirring and adding predetermined amount of water
(solution in solvent). The thin films were deposited by dip-coating methods. The thin films were analyzed by TG, DSC, TEM, SEM, XRD and cyclic voltammetry. The influence of heat treatment temperature on film transmittance
in the range of 350 nm to 850 nm was discussed. Results show that the thin film can transform from amorphous into cubic-NiO nanocrystalline by means of heat treatment. The results of cyclic voltammetry
of the films, carried out in an electrochemical cell with three electrodes and 0.1mol/L KOH electrolyte ,show that the NiO thin film treated at 350℃ for 30min has a good electrochromic performance. As given
voltage, the films reversibly change their colors from transparent to brown, and their transmittance can modulate from 80% to 30%. The cyclic voltammeter results also show that the film is quick to reach its
electrochromic stable condition.

Key words: nickel oxide thin film, electrochromic properties, sol-gel, nanocrystalline

CLC Number: