Journal of Inorganic Materials

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Preparation of Nanoporous TiO2 Thick Film and Its Photoelectrochemical Properties Sensitized by Merbromin

GAO Xiang-Dong, LI Xiao-Min, YU Wei-Dong, QIU Ji-Jun, GAN Xiao-Yan


  1. State Key Lab of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure,
    Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, China
  • Received:2006-12-25 Revised:2007-03-05 Online:2007-11-20 Published:2007-11-20
  • Contact: GAO Xiang-Dong

Abstract: Nanoporous TiO2 thick films for the photoanode of Dye-sensitized Solar Cell (DSC) were prepared by integrating the “chemical dispersion method of nanoparticles” with the “doctor blade” technique. The problems concerning the preparation and storage of TiO2 slurry in the conventional method were solved, and the better control over the microstructure of TiO2 thick film was achieved. The crystalline structure, and morphology of the obtained film were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, and transmission electron microscope. The effects of coating time, annealing temperature, and sensitization of merbromin on the optical transmittance of TiO2 films were examined. The prototype DSC devices were fabricated by using merbromin-sensitized TiO2 nanoporous film as the photoanode. Results show that the novel chemical dispersion technique adopting diluted nitric acid as the dispersant and the low-polymerization PEG as the microstructure-modifier can be used to prepare TiO2 nanoporous thick film applied in DSC. The obtained film is dense and uniform without pores, defects or delamination, and exhibits typical nanoporous feature. The coating time of slurry, the annealing temperature, and the adsorption of merbromin have significant influence on the optical transmittance of nanoporous film. The prototype DSC device sensitized by merbromin exhibits strong photovoltaic response, and the cells prepared with the photoanode by 12--15 coatings & 500℃ anneal show better performance (Voc~430mV, Isc~150--215μA).

Key words: TiO2, nanoporous, thick film, merbromin, dye-sensitized solar cell

CLC Number: 

  • O472